Tag: 2015

FUKUSHIMA CORIUM

a commentary by Rik:

A recent article on Enenews ( http://enenews.com/ ) said that the melted fuel
mixture under the reactors in Fukushima was likely to be remelting.

A friend asked me to comment.

As I understand it, the corium, (a mixture of the melted nuclear fuel itself, the zirconium tubes that held the fuel pellets, and the steel racks that held the fuel bundles, all melted together) has slumped to the floor of the PCV, (pressure containment vessel) in the form of several large blobs, totalling some 130 tons per reactor. By luck rather than good management the PCVs of each of the three reactors ruptured above the level of the blobs, so they are pretty much covered by water. Several tons an hour of water is still injected into each reactor, so it must be boiling off still. So the molten corium would have formed a crust on the outside, where it is in contact with the water, but inside this crust, the corium would probably be still liquid or partly liquid, due to the heat produced by the on-going splitting of uranium atoms when struck by a neutron, in turn firing off more neutrons, and by the continued decay of the fission by-products. In other words, due to the occasional resumption of fission within the corium, it will sometimes probably again melt.

As wikipedia says: –
‘Heat is produced by the radioactive decay of fission products and materials that have been activated by neutron absorption. This decay heat-source will remain for some time even after the reactor is shut down.’

See: –

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radioactive_decay

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Neutron_absorption

It is not that a dramatic new stage has been reached in the Fukushima disaster. The corium has been probably melting, on and off, for the whole four years.

original article:-

http://enenews.com/tv-only-fukushimas-melted-fuel-solid-nuclear-expert-m…

Kick Nuclear Supports ‘Stop Moorside’ Demonstration outside of Whitehaven Civic Hall on Saturday May 16th, 2015

Kick Nuclear wish to express their support for Radiation Free Lakeland in their objections to plans for building a new nuclear power station at Moorside.

The plans are for three very large nuclear reactors with a combined capacity of 3,400MW of energy to be built at the site. The present joint owners of the project are 60% the Japanese company Toshiba and 40% the French one, GDF Suez (renamed “Engie” last month) and the reactors they intend to build are AP1000 pressurised water reactors, which are also designed and built by Toshiba,.

We wish to put four objections to these plans:

1) Many studies have shown that nuclear reactors leak radiation into the surrounding ground and air and cause a rise in radiation-linked disease such as leukaemia in children living in the surrounding area.

See:-

http://www.ianfairlie.org/news/childhood-leukemias-near-nuclear-power-st…

2) The Sellafield area is already the most polluted area in the British Isles in terms of radioactivity and the aim should be to get rid of all the radioactive pollution in the area and not add to it.

3) When things go wrong with nuclear reactors, as at Chernobyl and Fukushima, the consequences can be catastrophic. We should not take that risk.

4) Nuclear reactors produce large amounts of nuclear waste containing many radioactive substances some of which have half-lives lasting tens of thousands of years. We should not leave such a legacy for future generations to have to deal with and suffer the health effect of.

Fukushima witness accounts, English translation in digital format

‘Fukushima Radiation: Will You Still Say No Crime Was Committed?’

by 50 Complainants for Criminal Prosecution of the FUKUSHIMA Nuclear Disaster

Norma Field (Translator), Matthew Mizenko (Translator)

This booklet is a translation of statements by 50 citizens who were residing in Fukushima at the time of the triple disaster of March 11, 2011.
They range in age from 7 to 87, and they wrote these statements as part of the criminal complaint filed with the public prosecutor by the Fukushima Complainants for Criminal Prosecution of the Fukushima Nuclear Disaster. What, exactly, is a criminal complaint, and who is a “complainant”? In this case, the complaint is the formal legal procedure initiated by citizens in response to the failure of both prosecutors and police to investigate the criminal liability of Tepco and government agencies for their roles in the nuclear disaster. The group complaint, filed at the office of the public prosecutor, is a demand for investigation and indictment of the responsible parties.

Because this is a criminal and not a civil procedure, these citizens are “complainants” rather than “plaintiffs.”

True, some of the Complainants are also plaintiffs in the various civil cases generated by the Fukushima disaster, such as the “Give Us Back Our Livelihood, Give Us Back Our Community” Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Lawsuit; “Denounce Nuclear Power Generation: Redress for the Villagers of Iitate”; or “The Fukushima Collective Evacuation Trial for the Right to Education in a Safe Place.”

Although several Complainants in this booklet draw a connection between the failure of the state to pursue criminal liability and the difficulty of getting anything resembling adequate compensation from Tepco, it is important to keep in mind that as Complainants, they do not stand to gain anything individually even under the best-case scenario: if, after all the prosecutorial refusals, an indictment is brought, a trial held, and some parties found to be criminally responsible for the nuclear disaster.

Rather, the Complainants are driven by grief, anger, and incredulity. So much harm had been inflicted, with demonstrated negligence not only leading up to the disaster but in its aftermath, with dire consequences not only for themselves but flung far into the future. After all this, how could it be that no one was held responsible? How could it be that the police, let alone the prosecutors, had not conducted a thorough investigation? Did the rule of law not prevail in Japan? As victims bearing witness, they seek to exercise their responsibility to future generations, that the calamity not be repeated, that the harm be contained by all means possible.’

available from Amazon here. No need for a Kindle – readable via the Kindle app:

http://www.amazon.com/dp/B00XKIZRX4

please add your comments to the US NRC re hormesis – the idea that low-level radiation is “good for you”

thank you to our reader who wrote the following:

THIS IS IMPORTANT – ACTION NEEDED:

Are you aware that the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) is considering a rule change that would adopt HORMESIS as the radiation-exposure-model instead of the present “Linear No-Threshold” radiation model?

HORMESIS is the idea that low-level radiation is “good for you.”

The NRC is also considering other recommendations that would allow citizens to be exposed to as much radiation as a nuclear worker; and to allow children and pregnant woman to be exposed to that amount of radiation, too. (it is well known that children and fetuses/embryos are very sensitive to radiation)

The NRC is requesting COMMENTS from the public on this until September 8th.
Can you please raise public awareness about this?

This really needs a strong vocal response against it and LOTS OF COMMENTS.
Here is the link to submit comments, and it also explains it further —>
https://www.federalregister.gov/articles/2015/06/23/2015-15441/linear-no-threshold-model-and-standards-for-protection-against-radiation

And here is a link for those who want to submit their comment ANONYMOUSLY —>
http://www.regulations.gov/#!documentDetail;D=NRC-2015-0057-0010

There is also a good interview by LibbeHaLevy of Nuclear Hotseat who says:

QUOTE:
“Diane D’Arrigo of Nuclear Information and Resource Service (NIRS) on the current Petition in front of the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to change radiation evaluation standards from current linear no-threshold to the false science of hormesis (no – whore-YOU-sis) which tries to fool people into believing that “radiation is GOOD for you!”

Comments are needed before September 8 on the NRC website. HERE’S HOW YOU DO IT:

•Go to: Rulemaking.Comments@nrc.gov
•In the subject line, make certain to include the ID number:
NRC-2015-0057-0010
•OR – Go directly to: http://www.regulations.gov/#!documentDetail;D=NRC-2015-0057-0010
•CLICK on the “Comment Now” button.
Then give the NRC a piece of your mind. You don’t have to make it fancy; they count number of responses more than the content. MAKE YOUR VOICES HEARD NOW!”
END QUOTE

http://www.nuclearhotseat.com/2685/

I hope you will choose to not remain silent on this vital matter, and encourage everyone you know to say NO MORE RADIATION EXPOSURE!

Thank you.

ANYONE CAN COMMENT.

more on hormesis by Dr Ian Fairlie here:

Click to access US-NRC-Consultation-pdf.pdf

http://www.ianfairlie.org

3rd Anniversary of 3.11 vigil/protest in front of the Japanese Embassy, London

Dear anti-nuclear power activists, supporters and friends,

It is the 3rd anniversary of our 3.11 leafleting vigil and protest on 7th August 2015. As it is a special occasion for all of us, we would like to organise our monthly READ-OUT of our
statement to the Japanese Prime Minister on this day instead of 31st July 2015.
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In August in Japan it is reported that Kyushu Electric Power Company plans to apply to regulators for the final ‘applied safety inspection’ of Sendai nuclear power plant 1 on 3rd August. This check is expected to take one week, making 10th August a potential start-up date.
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Another 20 reactors are behind Sendai in the restart process, which is expected to gradually speed up after the first few units are back in normal operation. The Japanese government envisages a return to using nuclear power for 20-22 % of electricity by 2030 as part of a plan to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 26% compared to fiscal year 2013.
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Under such circumstances, it is very important that we keep up raising our voices to show our opposition to Nuclear Power in Japan.
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Himawari JAN UK, Kick Nuclear and CND are planning to organise the monthly READ-OUT of the protest statement to the Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and send the protest statement to the President of TEPCO on Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant disasters since 11 March 2011.
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We will start our protest vigil from 10:00am and the statement read-out from 11:30 am on 7th August 2015 ( Friday ) in front of the Japanese Embassy.
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Anti-Nuclear Power speeches/songs/poems are also very welcome.
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The READ-OUT to TEPCO does not take place from this month as their office at Berkley House is moved to the unknown location last week. However, our protest statement will be sent to the TEPCO Head Office in Tokyo, Japan.
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Venue: In front of the Japanese Embassy.
Nearest station: Green Park ( Piccadilly Line, Zone 1 ), 3 minutes walk towards Hyde Park.
Date and Time : 7th August 2015 ( Friday ) from 10:00 am till 12:30 pm.
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8月10日に日本では川内原発の再稼動が予想されています。これに続いて、20基の原発が再稼動に入ると云われています。
このような状況下で日本における原発反対の運動を更に強力に支持するために
8月7日、金曜日、午前10時より、ヒマワリJAN-UK/KickNuclear/CNDはロンドン大使館前にて、脱原発のビラ撒き、
11時半より安倍首相宛てに脱原発の声明文を読み上げ大使館に手渡します。
脱原発のスピーチ、平和の歌、反戦・反核と詩の朗読だども大歓迎です。ご都合のつく方は是非ご参加下さい。
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東電ロンドン・オフィスは6月にBerkley Houseから移転しました。移転先は現在分かっていません。従って、東電宛の
抗議声明文は郵送にて東京本社に送付されます。
 .
場所:ロンドン日本大使館前、101-104Piccaddilly W11 7LT
最寄駅:Green Park, Piccadelly Line, 駅からHyde Park方向へ徒歩5分。
日時: 8月7日(金)午前10時より午後12時半まで。

HIROSHIMA DAY 70TH ANNIVERSARY CEREMONY, 6th August 2015

HIROSHIMA DAY 70TH ANNIVERSARY CEREMONY          

August 6th 2015, noon-1pm

By the Commemorative Cherry Tree in Tavistock Square, London WC1

This ceremony is held annually by the cherry tree planted in the Square in 1967 by the then Mayor of Camden, Cllr. Millie Miller, in memory of the victims, past and present, of the atomic bombs dropped on the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on 6th and 9th August 1945.

Event organised by London Region CND, 162 Holloway Road. London N7 8DQ; david.lrcnd@cndul.org; 020-7607 2302.

Programme: order of participants

  • Bruce Kent, CND Vice-Presidentcompère
  • Peace Choir: The Hiroshima Song
  • Cllr. Larraine Revah, Mayor of Camden
  • George Binette, Chair of Camden Trades’ Council
  • Peter Dunn and Paul Steele (singers)
  • Jeremy Corbyn, MP
  • AL Kennedy: poetry
  • Sheila Triggs, Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom: foundation in 1915 and today
  • Rev. S. Nagase, Monk at Battersea Peace Pagoda
  • Potent Whisper: “Trident on Trial” rap
  • Baroness Jenny Jones, Green Party and member of Greater London Authority.
  • Peace Choir: Against the Atom Bomb
  • Two minute’s silence, during which you are invited to lay flowers at the base of the commemorative cherry tree in memory of the victims of Hiroshima, Nagasaki and all victims of war
  • Everybody: The H-Bomb’s Thunder
……………………………………………………………………………….
You are invited to picnic in the Square after the ceremony.  Light refreshments available, courtesy of Belle Harris: donations requested.  (Any surplus after costs to be donated to LRCND.)

Nagasaki Day peace walk and commemoration at the London Peace Pagoda, Battersea Park

NAGASAKI DAY AUGUST 9th
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On 9th August, from 6.30-7.30 pm, an ecumenical service organised by Pax Christi (020 8203 4884) will take place at Sacred Heart Chapel, situated on Horseferry Road, SW1P 2EF, in memory of the 72nd anniversary of Blessed Franz Jagerstatter’s execution in 1943 for refusing to serve in Hitler’s army. Franz Jagerstatter was beatified in October 2007. Following the servicethere will be an interfaith Peace Walk to the London Peace Pagoda in Battersea Park for a Floating Lantern Ceremony. This will begin at dusk to commemorate the 70th Anniversary for victims of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and all wars. 
The ceremony seeks to reflect on the horrors of war in an atomic age and to pray together for peace and harmony between all people and nations.
All are very welcome to join and offer flowers and incense.
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Contact Nipponzan Myohoji: Tel: 020 7228 9620
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https://londonpeacepagoda.wordpress.com/2015/07/17/nagasaki-day-9th-august/

Statement to the Nuclear Energy in the UK conference – March 2015

Kick Nuclear Statement to the Nuclear energy in the UK: priorities for new build, funding and developing the supply chain conference, which was held on tuesday 3rd March 2015 at the Royal Society.

‘Nuclear Energy in the UK’ conference, March 2015.

We are here today at your nuclear industry conference to again try to bring a little realism to your deliberations. Wind, wave and solar are cheaper, cleaner, lower carbon and therefore loved more by everyone outside the nuclear power industry, and we are here to urge you to stop flogging your nuke horse, because it is dead.

Solar power costs have dropped 99% since 1977, 60% since 2011. And that decrease is not slowing down. On-shore wind has now dropped well below the strike price offered to the doomed Hinkley Point power station, and off-shore wind is getting close. In last week’s UK renewable energy auction, both on-shore wind and solar came in at around £80 MWh, cheaper than the £92.50 MWh offered to Hinkley Point nuclear power station. And Hinkley’s subsidy is linked to inflation for 35 years, by which time it will be worth around £320 MWh, according to calculations by the very-unimpressed Austrian government, who have taken the whole subsidy to court.

The truth is that nowhere, ever, has your industry built a nuclear reactor without a huge slab of government money. And if the true costs of both insuring against meltdown and disposing of the waste and the plant when eventually retired were included, your industry would be shown to be several times more expensive that the alternatives. If the cost of insurance, currently paid by government as another hidden subsidy, were included, the strike price of nuclear would rise to over £200 MWh. And the unreliability of nuclear power carries its own costs, as the National Grid has to have 1,800 MW of backup power on standby for when one of the 1,600 MW Hinkley reactors suddenly goes down, due to a swarm of jellyfish, (as in Torness recently), or other engineering problem. And these costs are spread across all sources, which means that wind and solar have to pay these costs so as to keep down the apparent cost of nuclear.

And why cling to an industry that has no plan for dealing with its own waste? The WIPP plant in New Mexico is a dedicated geological disposal facility built to hold waste for 10,000 years. It lasted 15 years before suffering a series of fires and explosions in barrels holding waste, caused by mixing of nitrate salts, lead gloves, cellulose based kitty litter, and improper (ie. fraudulent) labelling of contents. The explosions led to plutonium and other radioactive substances being ‘puffed’ up out of the ground, and drifting off to the nearest centre of human population, Carlsbad. Of course, nuclear industry supporters immediately chorused that the quantities were safe, were insignificant. But they always do, in spite of numerous scientific studies showing that there is no safe, lower limit of radiation exposure.

The following statement was printed as a leaflet and handed out to attendees of the Nuclear Energy In The UK conference in London, March 2015

We don’t understand how the nuclear industry can keep doing this to it’s own children; have they convinced themselves that ‘a little radiation is good for you’? Swallowed their own propaganda on ‘hormesis’?

Of course, the real killer for your industry is the fact, the fact, that you have a meltdown every seven years. Windscale, Three Mile Island, Tschernobyl, now triple Fukushimas; yet your industry continues to demand that we trust you to do better in the future, and that you’re really sorry and will try and avoid the corner-cutting, risk-taking, regulatory capture and bad practices that led to the last meltdown. Health and Safety by trial and error, where you get to keep the profits and we get to keep the cancer. If you had manfully fronted your disaster at Fukushima and actually admitted it was a catastrophe and that it would take serious money to deal with, ($500 billion), then you might have retained some respect for your scientific honesty and technological competence. But the main focus after Fukushima has only been restarting Japan’s other 48 nuclear plants, and so the population have been told to absorb in place, eat Fukushima food to help the zone recover, smile a lot and have a positive attitude, while half the medical community have accepted instructions to calm patient worries by denying any link to radiation for their complaints. While 400 tons of radioactive water a day continue to gush into the Pacific. ‘It’s OK, the Pacific is quite large’, your industry argues, having sworn blind since the 50’s that you would never unleash any radionuclides into the environment.

So use your technical knowledge of atoms and electrons to join us in solving the world’s energy needs in a safe, sustainable way, as urged by the Prime Minister of Japan during the Fukushima meltdowns, Mr Kan. He called nuclear ‘an unsafe and expensive technology that is not compatible with life on this planet.’

message to the Nuclear Industry Forum, London, June 23-24, 2015

The following message was printed as a flyer and handed out to attendees of the forum as they arrived as well as to passersby on the morning of June 23, 2015:

Nuclear Industry Forum 2015

We are here this morning to again advise you of the error of your ways. Civilian nuclear power was only ever a fig leaf for nuclear bomb making, and civilian nuclear power is no longer either cheap, needed or acceptable.

Don’t just take our word for it. The world’s major investment banks no longer back nuclear. This week, UBS released a report saying that within a decade, solar power will provide 10% of the world’s electricity supply, and that its growth rate will only continue to accelerate, beating coal and nuclear as the world’s default energy technology. “We believe the financial community and most industry experts largely underestimate the global solar capacity growth, as falling costs, supportive regulation and the opening up of new solar markets seem to go largely unnoticed.”

Or as Goldman Sachs put it last year, declining prices of solar plus storage mean that by 2033 homeowners will no longer need to be connected to the grid at all. “Power companies planning large reactors or continued operation of expensive old reactors will be in trouble in this new marketplace.” Boosting the prices charged for nuclear-generated electricity to protect these ageing monsters will only speed up defection from the grid.

Deutsche Bank went even further, predicting that within two years roof-top solar will reach grid parity in all 50 states in the US. US rooftop solar installation will, they say, rise from 8 GW this year to 16 GW in 2016. And this growth will only accelerate.

The real problem for your industry is that the costs of renewables are dropping rapidly, while the cost of nuclear is constantly rising. The crossover point, grid parity, was reached for the sunniest states in the US last year, and is even projected to reach the English Midlands within a year or two. Storage of the energy produced by renewables is the one remaining issue, but in principle it’s not difficult. Pump the water up the hill when energy is produced; let it run back down the hill through generators when you need it. And the announcement by Tesla of Powerwall batteries of 7 kWh capacity for $3500 is another nail in your industry’s coffin. You always played up the difficulties of storing electricity overnight, while downplaying the difficulties of storing your deadly waste for 100,000 years. Well, looks like that one is over for you..

Meanwhile, the ‘new’ French reactor, the EPR, is running into more problems every month. The flagship EPR reactor that Areva is building in Finland is 9 years late and has risen from €3.2 billion to €8.5 billion, which has led to the cancellation of a planned 2nd EPR on the site, (Olkiluoto 4), and a €10 billion court case between Areva and the Finnish power company. The reactor pressure vessel for the equally late and over-budget EPR in France has now been found to be made of steel with too much carbon in it, reducing its toughness, meaning any cracks that start will spread rapidly. And you’ve already welded on all the connections, so replacing the RPV will be horrendously expensive and time consuming. I doubt if the Chinese, who you also have delivered two similarly manufactured EPR RPVs to, are very impressed. Which, since you can’t build your desired EPR in Hinkley Point, near Bristol, without them, is quite serious. Even the massive dollop of English taxpayers cash offered the project, (twice the current price of electricity, index linked for 35 years) is on its own not enough for this cash-hungry dream project. One nuclear engineer (Tony Roulstone, Cambridge University) has described the EPR as too complex to actually build, “unconstructable”. Areva posted a loss of €4.83 billion in 2014, while its market capitalisation is around €3.29 billion. So the French Government has got EDF to take it over to spread the losses around. Ultimately, it’s the French taxpayer on the hook. But then you have never, anywhere, built a nuclear reactor without massive chunks of government money, have you? Adding to your woes, Le Monde reported a study showing that powering France from 100% renewables by 2050 would cost about the same as a mix including 50% nuclear, 40% renewables. (11.9 cents kWh versus 11.7 cents kWh).

5 of your ageing nuclear power stations got closed down on economic grounds in the USA last year. You have 388 operating reactors world-wide, 50 fewer than 2002. You produced 10.8% of the world’s electricity in 2013, down from 17.6% in 1996. An industry in decline. And still no solution in sight for your achilles heel, where to hide the waste. Waste that solar, wind and tidal power don’t produce. Japan added 10 GW of solar power during 2014, and Fukushima has moved the Japanese population from 30% opposing nuclear to 70% opposing nuclear. It is hard for you lot to compete with an alternative that is cleaner, safer and now cheaper. Bad luck.

And Fukushima continues to leak 400 tons of radioactive water into the Pacific every day, as it has for over 4 years now. And your industry has no idea how to stop it; it just knows how to contain the political fallout, not the real fallout that results from your deathtraps having a bad day. Windscale, Three Mile Island, Tschernobyl, Fukushima; each of your little ‘whoops’ events is worse that the last. Not just shot yourselves in the foot; you’ve blown your feet off.

So sorry!!

Produced by Kick Nuclear, London.