Author: kicknuclear

PETITION AGAINST SIZEWELL C, A HUGE NEW NUCLEAR POWER PLANT PLANNED FOR A SHIFTING COASTLINE FAMOUS FOR EROSION – DESPITE THE CLIMATE CRISIS WORSENING & SEA LEVELS RISING.

PLEASE SIGN THIS URGENT PETITION:

https://you.38degrees.org.uk/petitions/stop-sizewell-c-huge-new-nuclear-development-in-suffolk-a-o-n-b

38degfinal

“Together Against Sizewell C (TASC) demands the Government halt the Sizewell C (SZC) planning process immediately, review the UK’s energy policy and remove the nuclear component which has been shown by report after report to be superfluous to UK climate change, cost and electricity generating targets. Nuclear is too expensive, a security risk and leaves a legacy of radioactive waste.

WHY IS THIS IMPORTANT?

If SZC nuclear power station were allowed to be constructed over the forecast 12 year build period in this flood-prone rural part of East Suffolk, the unacceptable scale of environmental, social and infrastructure dislocation will be all too evident as it will:-

– devastate the Suffolk Coast and Heaths Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty which provides a rich and varied mosaic of habitats that are a haven for an amazing variety of wildlife including iconic species such as bittern, marsh harrier and otter,

– split the Sizewell Marshes Site of Special Scientific Interest in half with a new permanent elevated road,

– be constructed on the boundary with RSPB Minsmere, with 24/7 light, noise and air pollution being a huge threat to the internationally important nature reserve as well as the wider environment,

– result in the loss of acres of valuable farmland,

– threaten homes, land and businesses with compulsory purchase,

– see road building and alterations for 25 miles around the site, including 7 new roundabouts within an 8-mile radius of Sizewell,

– add hundreds of HGV journeys to and from the Sizewell site every day, causing unacceptable levels of CO2 and NOX emissions,

– harm the flourishing and sustainable tourism industry of East Suffolk affecting businesses around the much visited towns of Aldeburgh and Southwold and many popular villages as well as RSPB Minsmere and the National Trust’s Dunwich Heath,

– see up to 2 million litres of mains water consumed each day of nuclear power station operation, in addition to the huge volumes used during construction, in one of the driest parts of the country,

– see tons of fish and other marine life sucked into the cooling pipes along with an estimated 2.5 billion gallons of sea water per day, see article re Hinkley Point C(same design as SZC): https://www.burnham-on-sea.com/news/concern-over-hinkley-point-c/

– require nuclear waste to be stored indefinitely on our crumbling, sinking coast as sea levels rise,

– create a huge upfront carbon footprint during construction and from the mining, milling and fabrication of the uranium fuel together with an unknown carbon footprint at the back end of operation – see why nuclear is not the answer to climate change: https://bit.ly/2TEpAeH

– lead to the production of low level radiation with all its attendant risks to human health, especially to young children and those yet to be born, see: https://bit.ly/2NGdLAC

SIZEWELL C CANNOT BE ALLOWED AND WE CAN STOP IT IF WE ARE UNITED IN OUR OPPOSITION. PLEASE SIGN THE PETITION.

For more information: http://www.tasizewellc.org.uk
twitter: @SayNo2SizewellC

HOW IT WILL BE DELIVERED

By hand to Secretary of State for Business Energy and Industrial Strategy”


MORE ABOUT SIZEWELL C BY LINDA PENTZ GUNTER AT BEYOND NUCLEAR INTERNATIONAL:

“The Sizewell reactors sit on a windswept beach just yards from a sea that has already consumed ancient villages as the coastline changed and eroded over the centuries. Now the sea level rise that will come with climate change promises in time to drown a few more, most likely including the Sizewell nuclear site. Undeterred, the French government nuclear company, EDF, insists it will build a new reactor at Sizewell — one of its ill-fated EPR design that is already struggling at Flamanville, Olkiluoto and Hinkley. Just from a climate change point of view, it is an exercise in insanity. But there is so much more at stake.” Continued here:

https://beyondnuclearinternational.org/2019/03/31/the-even-madder-plan-to-build-a-new-nuclear-plant-on-the-beach/

Fukushima update 2019

please scroll down for Japanese language version of this update

In the 8 years since the meltdowns of three nuclear reactors at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Japan, the extreme difficulty of cleaning up, or even sticking a working bandaid on the power plant, has become slowly more obvious and more undeniable. Tepco, the company who own the plant, managed to dangle a robot the size of three end-to-end drink cans into reactor 2 in Feb 2019, to poke the pile of melted fuel on the floor under the former reactor. They had a video camera on board, as well as some tongs fitted, so were able to film their robot scooping up a few gravel-like lumps of fuel, yet found that other ‘areas’ of fuel were set like concrete, and will need to be angle-ground or cut out, rather than just scooped up. Difficult when the radiation there will kill any worker in minutes.

One of the biggest dangers is that if you go moving around lumps of highly radioactive material you can accidently bring lumps of it close enough together that will then go critical. A mini nuclear explosion could be the result, which even the Japanese government admit would not improve the site nor make it easier to clean up.

Tepco admitted in October 2018 that the 1.1 million tonnes of contaminated water stored at the site “needs further treatment/filtering” before they can be “released into the ocean”. They found that the ALPS filters had “consistently failed to eliminate a cocktail of other radioactive elements, including iodine, ruthenium, rhodium, antimony, tellurium, cobalt and strontium,” and that over 80% of the water is above the limits set for just throwing it in the ocean. 600,000 Bq/litre of strontium-90 was found in some tanks. For years Tepco has claimed the water only contains tritium, and so if they diluted it with more sea-water they could just throw it in the sea, while never releasing any figures for the actual content of the ‘treated’ water. They are still pumping out and storing around 150 tonnes a day from the reactor building basements, since the ice-wall is “only partially effective” at stopping ground water flowing into the basements. Maybe the next tsunami will just sweep the 1.1 million tonnes of water and the millions of tonnes of waste from the “clean-up” of Fukushima prefecture that are stacked in black bags along the coast into the ocean for them. Job done …

The ALPS filter system is operated by Hitachi, who are not having a good run, having just given up on trying to build two nuclear power reactors in North Wales and two in Gloucestershire, as the “numbers didn’t add up”. Two months earlier, Toshiba gave up on a planned nuclear power station next to Sellafield, in Cumbria, and six months before that Mitsubishi gave up on planned reactors in Turkey, for the same reason. So all three Japanese nuclear corporations have abandoned attempts to spread these deadly plants outside Japan. Only the French, Russian and Chinese governments are still wanting to build them, for reasons of geopolitics and bureaucratic pride/inertia.

Yet 24.9 GW of onshore wind was installed in Asia/Pacific in 2018 alone, bringing the total there to 256 GW. 51.3 GW of wind was installed globally in 2018. The EU installed 8 GW of solar in the same year. Cheaper, quicker, cleaner, doesn’t melt down and poison your country. (Each nuke is about 1 GW.)

With the Olympics scheduled for next year, partly in Fukushima prefecture, they have only found one third of the volunteers they need for the games, mostly old folk. Youth and teenagers don’t want to know, it seems. Surprise. Meanwhile, three swimming pools full of deadly spent fuel remain up on the 4th floors of three of the reactor buildings. One more nasty earthquake collapsing those buildings would probably lead to northern Japan becoming uninhabitable. They hope to have the pools emptied in 5 or 10 years …

After eight years more than 50,000 people are still refugees from the disaster. Many are being forced to move back into radioactively contaminated zones, because the acceptable radiation exposure limit has been raised from 1 to 20 mSv/year and the “financial assistance for evacuees” has been terminated. For citizens in the rest of Japan and the rest of the world the radiation exposure limit is 1mSv/year as set by the ICRP (International Commission on Radio- logical Protection).

In surveys, about 10% of former residents say they plan to move back one day; 60% say they have no plans to move back. Chicken or egg: few people means not much rebuilding of facilities; few facilities means few want to move back. Around 30 group lawsuits demanding compensation have been lodged around Japan, often meeting with success. 5 out of 6 recent cases against the government have resulted in the government and Tepco being held liable due to failing to prepare for the tsunami (foreseeable since 2009, said the courts) and failing to avoid the hydrogen explosions by placing the cooling equipment, generators, on high enough land.

Across Japan some courts, some local governments and many residents are denying permission to restart nuclear reactors. South Korea, Taiwan and China still refuse to buy Fukushima produce. The cleanup might take 40 years; in 2015 the plant manager said maybe 200 years. A conservative think tank, the Japan Centre for Economic Research, said it might cost $640 billion.

272 children have been found to have thyroid cancer. Daily average emissions into air and water from July to September, 2018 were 5.26 million Becquerels of caesium (134 and 137 combined).

When nuclear goes wrong, it goes really wrong. Even an Olympic Games can’t pretend otherwise.

For the best updates, photos and videos on the situation at Fukushima: http://www.fukuleaks.org/web/

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福島 最新情報 2019年

福島第一原子力発電所で原子炉3基が炉心溶融(メルトダウン)を起こしてから8年が過ぎましたが、事故後の処理は困難を極め、悪影響をこれ以上広げないための一時的な措置すら難しいことが、紛れもない事実として徐々に明らかになっています。東京電力は2019年2月、福島第一原発2号機の原子炉に棒状のロボットを挿入し、格納容器の底部に溶け落ちた核燃料(燃料デブリ)まで届かせることができました。先端がアーム状になっているこのロボットにはカメラが搭載され、燃料デブリの一部をつまみ上げる様子が撮影されたものの、コンクリートのように固まっている部分もあり、単につかみ出すのではなく、切り出す必要があることが判明しました。作業員が近づけば数分で死亡するような放射線量の原子炉内では、実行が難しい作業になるでしょう。

最も大きな危険の1つとしては、取り出そうとして移動させる燃料デブリの塊が、他の燃料デブリの塊と近づき過ぎてしまい、臨界状態に達してしまう恐れが挙げられます。日本政府ですら、そこから小規模でも核爆発が起きれば、福島第一原発の状況を少しでも改善し、後処理を進めていく取り組みにとって深刻なダメージになると認識しています。

福島第一原発の敷地内に保管されている汚染水は現在110万トンに上ります。東電は2018年10月、汚染水の8割以上について、海洋放出の基準を満たすには「再浄化」の必要があると発表しました。多核種除去設備(ALPS)でヨウ素、ルテニウム、ロジウム、アンチモン、テルル、コバルト、ストロンチウムといった核種を取り除けない状況が続いたということです。一部のタンクでは、ストロンチウム90が1リットル当たり60万ベクレルもの濃度で検出されました。東電は何年にもわたって、汚染水にはトリチウムしか残っておらず、海水で希釈すれば海洋放出できると主張してきた半面、「浄化」されたはずの汚染水に実際は何が含まれるのかのデータを公表していませんでした。福島第一原発では現在も、原子炉建屋に流れ込んでくる地下水を1日当たり約150トンくみ上げ、保管しています。地下水の流入を食い止めるための凍土壁は、部分的にしか効果を発揮していません。もしまた津波が来れば、110万トンの汚染水も、福島県内の除染作業によっておびただしい数のフレコンバッグに詰め込まれた汚染土も、波にさらわれて「一掃」されるのかもしれません。それで片付けてしまうとでも言うのでしょうか。

福島第一原発で使われているALPSは日立製ですが、日立製作所の経営もあまり上手くいっていないようです。同社はウェールズ北部とイングランド南西部グロスターシャー州にそれぞれ2基の原子炉を建設する予定でしたが、採算の見通しが立たずにいずれも諦めたばかりです。同じ理由で、その2カ月前には東芝がイングランド北西部カンブリア州にある原子力施設「セラフィールド」近郊で原発の新設を断念、6カ月前には三菱重工がトルコでの原発建設計画を取り下げました。つまり日本の3大原発メーカーが全て、極めて危険な原発を輸出する試みから手を引くことになりました。地政学的な理由や官僚のプライド、惰性から原発新設の希望をまだ捨てていないのは、フランス、ロシア、中国だけです。しかし、2018年だけでもアジア太平洋地域における陸上風力の発電容量が24.9ギガワット拡大し、合計で256ギガワットとなりました。同年に全世界の風力発電容量は51.3ギガワット拡大しました。欧州連合(EU)では2018年にソーラー発電容量が8ギガワット増を記録しました。これらの発電方法は比較的コストが安く、建設から稼働までの時間が短く、環境負荷も低い上、メルトダウンを起こしてあなたの住む国を放射能で汚染することもありません(原子炉1基当たりの発電容量は約1ギガワットです)。

2020年夏の東京オリンピックは、競技の一部が福島県でも開催されます。福島県での都市ボランティアに応募した人の数は定員の3分の1にとどまり、年齢層は高めでした。若者が応募したがらないのも無理はありません。こうした中、福島第一原発1~3号機の原子炉建屋の4階部分にスイミングプール3個分もの使用済み核燃料が保管され続けています。また大きな地震に見舞われて、原子炉建屋が完全に崩壊してしまうと、日本の北部一帯がおそらく居住不可能になるでしょう。東電は5~10年以内に使用済み燃料の取り出しを目指すと言っていますが・・・。

福島第一原発事故の影響で、未だに5万人以上が避難生活を続けています。福島県で被ばく許容線量が年間1ミリシーベルト(mSv)から年間20mSvに引き上げられ、賠償や補償も相次いで打ち切られているため、放射線量が未だに高い地域への帰還を余儀なくされた人々も少なくありません。国際放射線防護委員会(ICRP)は全世界の一般人の被ばく許容線量を年間1mSvに定めており、日本でも福島県以外にはこの基準が適用されています。調査によると、避難指示が出た区域へいつか戻るつもりのある元住民は1割程度で、6割は帰還するつもりがないと回答しています。卵が先か鶏が先か。帰還する住民が少なければ生活基盤の再建が進まず、生活基盤が整わなければ戻りたいと思う人が減るでしょう。日本全国で福島第一原発事故の賠償を求める訴訟はおよそ30件起きており、勝訴判決もかなり出ています。最近下った6つの判決のうち、5つは政府や東電が津波対策を怠ったとし(2009年の時点で津波被害を予見できたはずだと裁判所が結論付けました)、冷却装置や電源を十分高い場所に置かなかった責任が政府や東電にあることを認めました。一部の裁判所や地方自治体、そして多くの日本国民が、日本各地にある原発の再稼働に反対しています。韓国、台湾、中国は福島県産の食品の輸入を引き続き禁じています。福島第一原発の廃炉には40年かかるとされていますが、2015年には同原発の幹部が200年かかる可能性に言及しました。日本経済研究センターは福島第一原発事故の後処理にかかる費用が最大70兆円に達するとの試算を明らかにしています。小児甲状腺がんの患者は272人に上っています。2018年7~9月のセシウム(134および137)放出量は1日当たり平均526万ベクレルでした。

原発が不具合を起すと、とんでもない事態を引き起こします。オリンピックですら、それをごまかすことはできません。

福島の最新情報や写真、動画は、こちらの閲覧もお勧めします: http://www.fukuleaks.org/web/

 

Nuclear Industry Association Conference London 2018

Letter distributed outside the Victoria Park Plaza, London, 6 December 2018:

Nuclear Industry Association Conference, London 2018

We have come yet again to warn you of your error in pursuing nuclear power, and to turn back before some Toshiba-type catastrophe descends on you. As you no doubt know, Toshiba had to sell off the only money-making venture it had, its memory chip business, for $18 billion US, just to stay afloat after its disastrous dabble in civilian nuclear power. Its subsidiary, Westinghouse, former grandee of the US nuclear business, has lost £7.7 billion (at least) through delays and problems at the 2 nuclear plants it was building in the USA, nearly sinking its parent, Toshiba, who declared losses of £7.3 billion in 2017 alone. This year, “Toshiba recognizes that the economically rational decision is to withdraw from the UK nuclear power plant construction project, [Moorside]” said the company. Please learn from them, before you too sink.

The thing is, a civilian nuclear power plant is not a money-maker without huge fistfuls of taxpayers’ money. Even the ones built 30 years ago and long since paid off are finding that they cannot compete with ever-cheaper wind and solar. 8 have closed in the last 5 years in the US, and more shutdowns are in the works, like Pilgrim in May, 2019. The 2 x 1.6GW reactors being built at Hinkley, near Bristol, could be replaced at half the cost by renewables, according to the UK Solar Association. These renewables could be built in 18 months, not 20 years. And they wouldn’t produce waste which will need to be guarded for 250,000 years. “The Intergenerational Foundation think tank calculated that Britain would pay up to £40bn less for renewable alternatives that would generate the equivalent power to Hinkley over the plant’s planned lifetime.” Guardian, 5 April 2016.

And how about this article from The Independent, 9 May 2016: “Physicist claims Hinkley Point deal means UK taxpayer could get £53bn bill to supply cheap nuclear energy to France.” According to Keith Barnham, emeritus professor of physics, Imperial College London, the total subsidy paid to the planned Hinkley Point nuclear power station by the hardworking British bill payers could reach a staggering £53 billion over its lifetime – and the main beneficiaries will be French. He argues that such is the likely growth of renewables that the UK will not actually need Hinkley’s electricity, so it will be sold abroad. And, he says, the most likely customers are in France, home of energy giant EDF, which is expected to build the plant.

All in all, the public are getting tired of financing these power plants. Even though we were assured they couldn’t possibly ever go wrong, so far they have averaged a meltdown every 10 years. And the argument that they are needed for ‘baseline’ electricity supply is no longer true. Steve Holliday, CEO of National Grid, the company that operates the gas and power transmission networks in the UK and in the northeastern US, believes the idea of large coal-fired or nuclear power stations to be used for baseload power is outdated: “From a consumer’s point of view, the solar on the rooftop is going to be the baseload.” Energy Post EU,  11 September 2015,

So, all in all, nuclear industry, could do better, by helping set up the renewables and storage we need.

The corium of reactor 2 of Fukushima Daiichi is clearly visible

Fukushima 311 Watchdogs

1
Fukushima Blog by Pierre Fetet
Translation Hervé Courtois
 
It has been almost seven years since this deadly magma was created thanks to the imbecility of men. 7 years that we talk about it without ever really seeing it. And now Tepco, in January 2018, unveils, for the first time and in a very discreet manner, some very telling images of the corium of Fukushima Daiichi’s reactor 2.
 
Above illustration: screenshot made from a Tepco video
 
At first, all the media published again the photos provided by Tepco, where one sees for example a piece of a fuel assembly’s handle. It was deduced that the rest had melted but nothing more could be said.
 
In a second time, 3 days later, Tepco added a video of 3 minutes 34 that shows a selection of footage filmed inside the containment. In this video, we see very precisely corium…

View original post 528 more words

World Nuclear Association Symposium September 14th 2017

The following letter was handed to delegates and passersby at the WNA (World Nuclear Association) Symposium in London, on September 14th 2017:

 

We are here in front of your symposium to try and point out the recent changes in the world of energy, and help you avoid wasting time and our money on yesterday’s technology.

The UK energy auction held last Monday resulted in a price of £57.50/MWh for offshore wind, about half the price of two years ago. This puts the £92.50/MWh (index linked, so now over £100) awarded to Hinkley Point C nuclear power station to shame. These low costs of £57.50/MWh are bound to fall further in the near future, making Hinkley look more and more like a disastrous white elephant.

These price reductions in off-shore wind have been achieved by designing bigger turbines, specialised ships and infrastructure for installation of the wind farms, and cheaper finance costs due to increased confidence and interest. Meanwhile, the costs of nuclear only continue to climb.

The 60 year old nuclear industry has only ever known rising costs and growing delays. Increasingly expensive safety measures have flowed from the major meltdowns or accidents that have occurred every 10 years, and the costs and dangers have led to the public not wanting any more nuclear power to be built. Windscale 1957, Three Mile Island 1979, Chernobyl 1986 and now 3 times Fukushima 2011 have exhausted our patience with ‘Health and Safety by trial and error’, with your industry left bleating that now it is safer because it has learnt from the most recent catastrophe. The worst that wind and solar can do is produce too much energy on a sunny day, whereas nuclear can destroy a third of your country if it encounters a mishap. Not to mention saddling dozens of generations with the costs of guarding our waste. Not good.

You are losing the support of the media. The Economist Intelligence Unit said “the trajectory of cheaper renewable technologies is irreversible”. The formerly pro-Hinkley Lib Dems said the breakthrough should prompt a rethink of the government’s energy plans (Vince Cable). Even The Times; “It is also a clear signal that nuclear energy on the scale of Hinkley Point is fast being left behind”.

Even China is turning away from nuclear. Last year it installed 34.5 GW of solar, and a further 24GW of capacity in the first 6 months of this year, as well as 19.3 GW/h of wind. Both the EPR reactors from France and the AP 1000 reactors from Westinghouse are 3 or 4 years behind schedule, and China has not approved further reactors for several years. The recent bankruptcy of Westinghouse has led to the probable cancellation of any further plans for Chinese AP 1000s, and has brought down Westinghouse’s parent company Toshiba, which is now scrambling to sell off its sole money-making possession, its chip business, to stave off its own bankruptcy. Toshiba has announced that it will not attempt any more nuclear construction. The sums just do not add up, and you lot should take notice of Toshiba’s experience.

The flagship french nuclear construction company Areva has also recently gone bankrupt and undergone a forced marriage with the likewise French state-owned EDF. Which itself would be closed tomorrow if not propped up by the state. It seems only state-owned companies can build nuclear power stations anywhere in the world these days. Again, the sums just do not add up, and only a states’ desire for nuclear weapons allows these dinosaurs to lumber forward.

Never mind. GE announced last month that it had just installed 5 GW of wind energy in Brazil. That is 3 of your EPRs. Energy auctions in Germany earlier this year resulted in offshore wind farms being proposed at a strike price of zero euros per MWh. Only one percent of the North Seas’ potential for wind power has so far been used, so we suggest you start looking at how to participate in what promises to be a massive growth area in the future, and ditch your participation in last century’s failed promise of ‘energy too cheap to meter’. Didn’t turn out, but your engineering skills can still usefully serve the human race.

Pamphlet produced by Kick Nuclear, London.  https://kicknuclear.com/

Fukushima update: spring 2017

please scroll down for Japanese translation:

It is now 6 years since the triple meltdowns at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant in Japan, and the Japanese authorities and nuclear industry are still manoeuvring to minimise the effects and marginalise the affected. The work of forgetting Fukushima goes on. Starting with denying for the first three months that they had even had a meltdown, let alone three, lying to the citizens who were trying to get out of the way of the plume, and now continuing with the cruel claim that it is the fear of radiation, the “phobia”, rather than exposure to the radioactivity released during the meltdowns that causes the damage. We watched on our TVs as the plants exploded, but now a few years have slid by and most have moved on, drawn away by other disasters. Meanwhile the radioactivity continues to contaminate the soil, air, water, food and bodies of the Japanese, triggering not just cancers but also strokes and a whole host of other radiogenic illnesses.

The well-respected Physicians for Social Responsibility[1] reported that at least 10,000 cases of cancer will occur in Japan as a result of the meltdown, and laments that the full impact of Fukushima may never be known. This is due to Japan’s failure to immediately and fully track radiation exposures, as well as a “disturbing” lack of testing of the general population for radiation-related health effects such as stroke, cardiovascular disease, endocrine disease, miscarriage, foetal malformations, leukaemia, lymphomas and solid tumours.

Apart from the immediate cancer effects, 130,000 people have had their lives and communities shattered by the evacuations necessitated by the disaster. The village of Katsurao is a good example. Evacuated for five years, the chicken-or-egg nightmare continues even when the former residents want to return to their village. The town’s two factories, which made camera parts, are long gone, set up elsewhere, so there is no work to return to. 50%, yes – one half – of the agricultural land around the village is now stacked 5 metres high with black plastic bags full of radioactive waste from the clean-up and decontamination. So there’s little work in the fields either. Many don’t want to buy produce from there anyway. All the couples with children have gone, so the school closed. They won’t return as there is no school and with no kids the school won’t return.

Moreover, most parents don’t want to bring their kids back to a still-contaminated area, as kids are especially sensitive to radiation, as their cells are dividing more rapidly as they grow. Some older people have returned, saying ‘I want to die in the village where I grew up’. But younger people have found jobs, made friends and grown new ‘roots’, in the areas where they’ve been living for the last five years, so they don’t want to return. So the village is permanently damaged. Less people – less resources like hospitals and shops. Less hospitals and shops – less attractive to return to. It can take hundreds of years for a village or town to evolve; you can’t just remove and scatter its people for five years and then expect it to return to how it was. 10 million 1 square metre black bags of waste now blight the landscape of Fukushima province.

Cost estimates for the catastrophe – cleanup, compensation and decommissioning – have recently doubled, to $190 billion.

The uncertainty about ionising radiation is doing enormous damage, as people cotton on to the lack of honesty from a government firmly in the pocket of the nuclear industry aka the ‘nuclear village’. The worldwide limit for exposure for a citizen to ionising radiation from a nuclear power plant is one millisievert a year. The Japanese government just raised this to twenty millisieverts a year, setting this as the limit up to which land would be declared habitable. Therefore housing subsidies, enabling 6,531 voluntarily evacuated households to live elswehere, will be terminated in March 2017[2].  Yet a worker was just declared eligible for compensation as his leukaemia had been caused by his work in the nuclear industry, mostly at Fukushima, with a total, cumulative dose of 19.8 millisieverts. 19.8 can cause leukaemia, yet 20 a year, every year, for citizens is acceptable. Outrageous.

The ice wall seems to be only partly working; the NRA said it isn’t sufficiently preventing the groundwater from entering the site, where it becomes contaminated. Indeed, the ice wall will only last a few years anyway, until the groundwater erodes the land around it. So Tepco have been told to rely on pumping up the groundwater, and double the number of water storage tanks, rather than rely on the ice wall. The new problem is that Tepco have moved from having 4 cubes (the reactor buildings) full of deadly water to having a much larger ‘bathtub’, containing the 4 cubes, now also full of deadly water. Any future crack in the ice wall, or the rock under it, will mean that this much larger mass of contaminated water will move out into the environment. They say that the lack of water current through the basements means the ‘bathtub’ water won’t be poisoned; but anyone knows that if you drop a few teabags into a still bath the whole bath will be tea-coloured within a few days. It’s called diffusion. The authorities floated the idea of just covering the Fukushima Daiichi site with concrete and leaving it, but public outrage soon made them withdraw that idea.

The Niida river in Minimasoma has been found to have 29,500 Bq/kg of radioactive contamination concentrated in its sediment. To compare, anything with radiation levels above 100 Bq/kg used to be considered to be hazardous nuclear waste. Since the Fukushima meltdowns, this has been raised to 8,000 Bq/kg.

5,000 tons of Fukushima fish and crab was smuggled out to China via Vietnam, relabelled, and sold on. That’s one we know of because they were caught. How many others?

Radioactive Caesium from Fukushima has now crossed the Pacific ocean to reach the shores of Oregon, according to Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution[3].

All this downplaying of the damage done, just to continue with the nuclear industry, when wind and solar are now so much cheaper, and utterly safe[4]. Shame.

[1]www.psr.org/resources/fukushima-report-2016.html

[2]www.the-japan-news.com/news/article/0003439790 [3]www.ijpr.org/post/tests-find-lingering-radiation- japan-our-shores#stream/0

[4]www.cleantechnica.com/2016/12/25/cost-of-solar- power-vs-cost-of-wind-power-coal-nuclear-natural-gas/

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福島 最新情報 2017年春

福島第一原子力発電所で原子炉3基が炉心溶融(メルトダウン)を起こしてから6年が過ぎました。日本政府や原発業界はいまだに被害を小さくみせかけようとし、被害を受けた方々と真剣に向き合っていません。福島を忘れようとする取り組みが続いています。事故後3か月間にわたりメルトダウンが起きていることを全く認めなかっただけでなく、プルーム(放射線物質の雲状のかたまり)を避けようとする住民に正しい情報を提供せず、「メルトダウンで放出された有害な放射性物質にさらされていることではなく、放射能を不安に思う『心理』が問題だ」という聞くに堪えないひどい主張が今も続いています。海外のテレビでも原子炉の爆発する様子が映し出されましたが、もう数年が経過し、他の災害にも対処しなければならない中、多くの関心が他へ移りつつあります。その間も引き続き放射性物質は土壌、大気、水、食品、人々の体に取り込まれ、がんだけでなく心臓発作など、放射能が原因となるさまざまな疾患を引き起こしています。

「Physicians for Social Responsibility(社会的責任を果たす医師団、PSR)」 の報告書[1]によると、福島の原発事故が原因のがん患者は少なくとも1万人に達する見通しです。しかしPSRは、残念ながらこうした被害の全容が明らかにされることは決してないだろうと嘆いています。その理由は、日本政府が即座に全力で放射線被害を食い止めることを怠ったうえ、放射能の影響で引き起こされかねない心臓発作、心血管・内分泌(ホルモン)疾患、流産、胎児奇形、白血病、リンパ腫、腫瘍について全人口を対象に調べていないことにあります。

がんなどの発症という被害に加え、放射能汚染から避難するために13万人の方々が住み慣れた土地を追われ、故郷も荒廃しました。葛尾村はその一例です。避難指示が5年ぶりに解除されましたが、戻りたい住民がいても、人口の回復が先か、インフラの再整備が先か分からない悪夢は終わりません。カメラの部品を作っていた2つの工場はとっくに別の場所へ移転したため、前の仕事はありません。農地は半分もが5メートルの高さに積み上がったビニール袋(フレコンバッグ)に覆われています。各フレコンバッグには除染作業で集められた放射性廃棄物が目いっぱい詰め込まれています。つまり、農地を耕すこともほとんどできません。わざわざこの土地で育った作物を買いたいという人も多くありません。子どものいる夫婦は去っていったため、学校も閉鎖されました。学校がなければ子どもは戻りませんし、子どもが戻らなければ学校が再開されることもありません。親の多くは、細胞分裂が活発で放射能の影響を受けやすい子どもを、まだ汚染されている地域に戻そうとは思いません。お年寄りは「育った村で息を引きとりたい」と戻ってくる場合もあります。しかし過去5年間に移り住んだ土地で仕事を見つけ、人間関係を築いた若者は戻ろうとしません。村はもう取り返しのつかない被害を受けてしまったのです。住人が少なくなれば、病院や商店などのインフラも乏しくなります。それが一層、人々の帰還を難しくします。1つの村や町が発展するには何百年もかかることがあります。住民を5年もの間ちりぢりにしておいて、元通りに戻ってこいというわけにはいきません。1立法メートルの黒いフレコンバッグが1千万個、福島県の農村地帯を覆っています。福島原発事故の処理にかかる費用の見積もりは最近になってこれまでの2倍に引き上げられ、除染、賠償、廃炉を含めて21兆5000億円に上るとみられています。

「原子力村」に深く取り込まれた政府には誠実さのかけらもなく、電離放射線被害をめぐる先行き不透明感は悪影響を及ぼしています。世界的に、そして日本でも少し前までは、一般市民の被ばく線量が年間1ミリシーベルト(mSv)までと定められてきました。日本政府は基準値を年間20mSvへ引き上げ、ここまでの放射線量の地域であれば居住可能と宣言し、自主避難者のうち6531世帯に対する公的な住宅支援を2017年3月で打ち切ります。[2]しかし、福島原発などで就業した後に白血病を発症して労災が最近認定された原発作業員の累積被ばく量は19.8mSvでした。この数値で白血病が発症するにもかかわらず、一般市民が毎年20mSvの被ばくを許されるなど言語道断です。

凍土壁は部分的にしか機能していません。原子力規制委員会は、凍土壁で十分に地下水の侵入を食い止められていないと指摘しています。福島第一原発の敷地内に入り込んだ地下水は放射能で汚染されていきます。凍土壁はそもそも、地下の汚染水がその回りの土地を浸食して流れ出すまでの数年しか役割を果たせないと考えられています。そのため東京電力は、凍土壁に頼らずに地下水をくみ上げ、貯水タンクを倍に増やすことが求められています。東電にとっての新たな問題は、致死的に汚染された水が4つの原子炉建屋にたまっていた状態から、4つの建屋が入った巨大な「浴槽」にやはり致死的に危険な汚染水がたまっている状態へ変わったことです。凍土壁やその下の地盤に割れ目が生じれば、さらに大量の汚染水が環境中に流れ出すでしょう。『浴槽』内では「地下水に流れがないため汚染されない」という嘘もまかり通っています。しかし皆さん、浴槽の中にティーバッグをいくつか入れて数日も経過すれば、水が全て茶色に染まることはご存じでしょう。拡散という現象です。日本政府は福島第一原発をコンクリートで覆ってそのままにするという案を検討していましたが、世論の大きな反発に遭って撤回しました。

南相馬を流れる新田川の堆積物では1キログラム当たり2万9500ベクレル(Bq/kg)もの放射線量が確認されています。ちなみに、かつては100Bq/kgを超えると放射性廃棄物と定義されていました。福島の原発事故後は放射性廃棄物の基準値が8000Bq/kgに引き上げられました。

福島沖で捕獲された5000トンの魚やカニが中国経由でベトナムへ隠れて輸出され、不正確な表示で売られています。これは逮捕されて発覚した事例ですが、公になっていない事例はどれだけあることでしょうか。

ウッズホール海洋研究所によれば[3]、福島から流れてきた放射性セシウムが太平洋を渡り、今やオレゴン州沖で観測されています。

被害を低く見せかける数々の取り組みは、原発業界を存続させるためです。風力や太陽光による安全な発電がどんどん安くなっている[4]のに、恥ずかしいことです。

[1] www.psr.org/resources/fukushima-report-2016.htm

[2] www.the-japan-news.com/news/article/003439790

[3] www.ijpr.org/post/tests-find-lingering-radiation-japan-our-shores#stream/0

[4] www.cleantechnica.com/2016/12/25/cost-of-solar-power-vs-cost-of-wind-power-coal-nuclear-natural-gas

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